Learning methods: Advantages and disadvantages.
To design a learning activity or learning program, there are a variety of learning methods that can be applied to facilitate the learning process. These methods are divided into two main categories, instructor-centered and student-centered. In the table below, I have listed different learning methods with the advantages and disadvantages of each.
Method Advantage Disadvantage Presentations.
Time saving in knowledge transfer. 2. It allows students to compare their knowledge with that presented. 3. 3. Gives the student the opportunity to ask and discuss directly with the coach. 2. 4. It does not give students enough opportunity to control their own learning because it is a trainer-centered approach.
- Expose students to the best practice.
- Considered the first step in building skills.
- Save the time of sharing knowledge.
- Non-professional demonstrators may be the result of poor performance.
- Does not show reality in the workplace.
- Group discussions, meetings and information sessions.
- A quick way to share knowledge and skills.
- Minimize resistance to change.
- Students can lead meetings by providing their agendas that meet their needs.
- It does not involve a practical part.
- Discussions can lose the main topics and waste more time.
- A few students could control the discussions while the others are only listeners.
1. 1. Provides flexibility of time for students. 2. The learner keeps pace with the learning. 3. 3. It can be accessed in different ways and from different places. 1. Minimize the sense of teamwork and share knowledge with others. 2. Requires a.
access to information technology and a good network.
3. Boring for some learning styles like activists. On-the-job training 1. Expose students to real work. 2. It gives students the opportunity to practice. 3. Give students to share knowledge with experienced employees. 1. Requires an experienced mentor. 2. It cannot be applied in an organization where there is a shortage of personnel. 3. Students may feel unmotivated with a busy mentor or staff.
1. Variety of methods combined with each other. 2. Addresses all learning styles. 3. Improve skills through learning and practice. 1. Very expensive in terms of money and time. 2. 3. Requires the availability of various learning resources and facilities.
1. Addresses the exact needs of a student 2. 3. Maximizes student satisfaction and self-esteem. 1. Very expensive because it is a one-to-one approach. 2. Requires an expert coach because it applies to management levels throughout most of the organization.
Criteria for choosing between learning methods: 1. Learning objectives: after the gaps between current capacities and required capacities, learning objectives will be generated to satisfy learning needs.
2. The learning budget: It plays a major role in selecting the most effective and efficient methods. Organizations with a very limited budget often use internal resources and are not interested in methods that are expensive.
3. 3. Time: hours of work and availability of labor are very important criteria for selecting the right methods. Sometimes e-learning is selected due to time constraints within the organization or function.
4. 4. Learning Resources and Materials: Facilities, number of students, learning media and IT issues are taken into account in selecting the appropriate learning method.Learning resources, facilities and equipment and their advantages and disadvantages:
Item Advantage Disadvantage Power Point 1. Easy to use. 2. Supports the structure of learning activity 3. 4. Show photos, graphs and statistics. 1. Requires other equipment such as a data projector and a computer. 2. It can be boring for some learning styles.
1. Easy to access anywhere, anytime. 2. Includes many references and learning materials. 1. Requires a good network of contacts, otherwise students will not be able to learn properly. 2. Students may not be focused on the main topic when using the Internet.
1. Interesting for most students. 2. It is … it is not expensive and it does not need more spaces. 1. Contains some cultural issues. 2. Not applicable to students with special needs such as the deaf or the blind.
A flip chart.
1. Very cheap. 2. Useful for learning and preparation activities. 3. Used for students to get involved in the learning process. 1. Requires a space in the room to be supplied. 2. 2. You need light colors. 3. It does not apply to some learning methods such as e-learning.
Books and brochures.
1. Authentic references for students. 1. Interferences from new technologies. 2. You need space or space to store.
3. Smart boards.
1. Integrated technology 2. Interested for the student 1. 2. Needs special training for users. 2. Very expensive.
3. Classroom or training rooms.
1. Traditional and useful for group learning. 1. Requires adequate preparation. 2. Not applicable for electronic or mobile learning.
Criteria for the selection of adequate resources, facilities and equipment for learning activities: 1. Student factors and styles: This selection is the result of the analysis of the factors and needs of students such as deaf, blind, activists, theorists, etc. 2. 2. Budget: After considering the allocated budget, adequate resources and facilities will be easy to identify. 3. 3. Legislation: There are some laws and learning policies that must be considered, such as safety and health. 4. of learning activities or learning methods: For example, e-learning requires the availability of computers or smart phones or devices. 5. 5. Number of students: This is a very important criterion to identify the size of the class or the training room. In addition, it enables the teaching and development professional to identify the learning method.