Pollution is the scourge of today that has affected the various facets of modern life.
In big cities we witness cloudy skies that create problems for the inhabitants and cause numerous diseases. The Internet and newspapers are often full of information about increasing levels of carbon monoxide and sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere. In fact, it is now known that contamination is due to several reasons. Therefore, the following paragraph lists both causes and effects.
Causes of pollution:
Mining: Industrial mining of minerals is considered one of the main causes of contamination. For example, coal is necessary to produce electricity; therefore, toxic thermal fumes are emitted into the atmosphere from the mines. This increases the percentage of carbon dioxide and makes breathing difficult.
Agriculture has been one of the main sources of occupation since time immemorial, but due to population growth, farmers are under great pressure to increase crop production. This is only possible with the help of chemical fertilizers and these in turn cause soil contamination.
Modern vehicles tend to emit a lot of air pollution due to burning of the combustion engine. Due to the application of stricter regulations, the level of soot and carbon has decreased, but the number of people buying a car has increased and the accumulated amount of pollutants in the atmosphere has increased.
Population growth and economic development has led to massive industrialization. Large and small companies are opening manufacturing plants to produce goods and accessories. Some of the units release pollutants as a by-product. For example, dye factories are known to cause pollution no matter how they follow government regulations.
Effects of contamination:
Increased carbon monoxide: Increased carbon content in the atmosphere is accompanied by global alert. As a result, the average temperature of the environment increases. Scientists have predicted that the world will face more flooding because mountain glaciers can melt. This will cause incalculable destruction to the inhabitants of the plains.
Health problems: Look around you and you will find a lot of people suffering from respiratory problems. Furthermore, people exposed to harmful pollutants are likely to suffer from cancer and other types of life-threatening diseases.
Depletion of the ozone layer:
The ozone layer plays an important role in protecting the environment since it blocks the entry of harmful ultraviolet rays. Increased radiation levels can cause skin cancer in individuals. Carbon reacts with ozone gas, causing it to be depleted in the atmosphere. Also, devices that release CFCs or chlorofluorocarbons can cause similar problems.
Infertility: The indiscriminate use of fertilizers such as pesticides and insecticides can reduce soil fertility and cause a reduction in crop production. In short, it would create enormous problems in the form of famine and starvation for the general population.